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Open Access Case report

Glomangioma of the lung: a case report and review of the literature

Florian Gebauer1*, Alexander Quaas2, Jakob R Izbicki1 and Yogesh K Vashist1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of General, Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, University of Hamburg, Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany

2 Department of Pathology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

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Journal of Medical Case Reports 2014, 8:5  doi:10.1186/1752-1947-8-5

Published: 3 January 2014

Abstract

Introduction

Glomangiomas are rare soft tissue tumors originating from the perivascular tissue. The most common localization is in the dermis of the extremities, with a few reports of respiratory tract involvement.

Case presentation

We present the case of a 48-year-old Caucasian female patient with a glomangioma in her left lung. It was diagnosed incidentally as a coin lesion in a chest X-ray performed during preoperative work-up for a gastric Roux-en-Y bypass for alimentary obesity. A computed tomography scan of her chest revealed a lesion in her upper left lung lobe 31mm in diameter. After resection, a histopathological examination presented typical signs of a glomangioma, originating from the pulmonary parenchyma.

Conclusion

Glomangiomas of the lung are extremely rare. However, whenever incidental lesions in the lung parenchyma are found, glomangioma should be taken into diagnostic consideration. To the best of our knowledge, signs of malignancy have not previously been reported in the literature. In fact, this tumor entity shows benign behavior, with a low potential for recurrence after complete resection.

Keywords:
Glomangioma; Glomus tumor; Pulmonary tumor; Thoracic surgery