Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from Journal of Medical Case Reports and BioMed Central.

Open Access Case report

Pituitary metastasis of rhabdomyosarcoma: a case report and review of the literature

Essadi Ismail1*, Lalya Issam2 and Mansouri Hamid2

Author Affiliations

1 Medical Oncology, Ibn Sina Military Hospital, Marrakesh, Morocco

2 Radiation Oncology, Mohammed V Military Hospital, Rabat, Morocco

For all author emails, please log on.

Journal of Medical Case Reports 2014, 8:144  doi:10.1186/1752-1947-8-144

Published: 9 May 2014

Abstract

Introduction

The pituitary gland is an uncommon site for metastases, in particular from rhabdomyosarcoma. Some authors have reported a recent increase in the incidence of metastases at infrequent sites, such as brain or bone, probably due to the expanded treatment options and the resulting improved survival. Treatment options are limited, but must be discussed and adapted to the patient profile.

Case presentation

We report the case of a 17-year-old Arabic man, diagnosed with alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma of the left shoulder, who, after several cycles of chemotherapy, presented symptoms and signs of pituitary dysfunction. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first case described.

Conclusions

Pituitary metastasis of rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare situation, which must be actively researched to have access to an optimal therapeutic approach.

Keywords:
Pituitary gland; Metastasis; Rhabdomyosarcoma