Hybrid repair of a very late, post-aortic coarctation surgery thoracic aneurysm: a case report
1 Emergency Clinical County Hospital, Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory, 50 Gheorghe Marinescu St, Targu Mures, 540136, Romania
2 University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Targu Mures, 38 Gheorghe Marinescu St, Targu Mures 540139, Romania
3 Emergency Clinical County Hospital, Cardiology Clinic I, 50 Gheorghe Marinescu St, Targu Mures, 540136, Romania
4 Emergency Clinical County Hospital, Department of Infectious Diseases, 50 Gheorghe Marinescu St, 540136, Targu Mures, Romania
Journal of Medical Case Reports 2012, 6:255 doi:10.1186/1752-1947-6-255Published: 30 August 2012
Local aneurysms after surgical repair of coarctation of the aorta occur mainly in patients surgically treated by Dacron patch plasty during adulthood. The management of these patients is always problematic, with frequent complications and increased mortality rates. Percutaneous stent-graft implantation avoids the need for surgical reintervention.
We report a case involving the hybrid treatment by stent-graft implantation and transposition of the left subclavian artery to the left common carotid artery of an aneurysmal dilatation of the thoracic aorta that occurred in a 64-year-old Caucasian man, operated on almost 40 years earlier with a Dacron patch plasty for aortic coarctation. Our patient presented to our facility for evaluation with back pain and shortness of breath after minimal physical effort. A physical examination revealed stony dullness to percussion of the left posterior thorax, with no other abnormalities. The results of chest radiography, followed by contrast-enhanced computed tomography and aortography, led to a diagnosis of giant aortic thoracic aneurysm. Successful treatment of the aneurysm was achieved by percutaneous stent-graft implantation combined with transposition of the left subclavian artery to the left common carotid artery. His post-procedural recovery was uneventful. Three months after the procedure, computed tomography showed complete thrombosis of the excluded aneurysm, without any clinical signs of left lower limb ischemia or new onset neurological abnormalities.
Our patient’s case illustrates the clinical outcomes of surgical interventions for aortic coarctation. However, the very late appearance of a local aneurysm is rather unusual. Management of such cases is always difficult. The decision-making should be multidisciplinary. A hybrid approach was considered the best solution for our patient.