Robinsoniella peoriensis infection following surgery for scoliosis: a case report
1 Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes, UMR CNRS-6236, IRD189, Méditerranée-Infection, Aix-Marseille-Université, 27 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13005, Marseille, France
2 Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique, Hôpital Nord, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Chemin de Bourrely, 13915, Marseille, France
3 Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes, Faculté de Médecine, 27, Boulevard Jean Moulin, Marseille cedex 5, France
Journal of Medical Case Reports 2012, 6:174 doi:10.1186/1752-1947-6-174Published: 28 June 2012
Robinsoniella peoriensis was recently identified as a Gram-positive, spore-forming, anaerobic bacillus originally isolated from swine manure storage pits. Seven isolates have been subsequently reported from human sources.
We report the case of an infection caused by R. peoriensis in a 45-year-old Caucasian woman after posterior instrumentation correction of idiopathic thoracolumbar scoliosis. The identification was made by culture of samples inoculated onto blood agar and chocolate agar and was confirmed by 16 S ribosomal ribonucleic acid gene sequencing.
We discuss similar cases suggesting that R. peoriensis is responsible for health care-associated infections with the colonic flora as a potential source of infection.