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Open Access Case report

Bronchial stump aspergillosis after lobectomy for lung cancer as an unusual cause of false positive fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography: a case report

Ignasi Garcia-Olivé1*, Felipe Andreo1, Òria Rosiñol2, Jose Sanz-Santos1, Albert Font3 and Eduard Monsó4

Author Affiliations

1 Pulmonology Department, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Carretera del Canyet s/n 08916 Badalona, Barcelona, Spain

2 Pathology Department, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain

3 Oncology Department, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain

4 Pulmonology Department, Corporació Sanitària Parc Taulí. Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain

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Journal of Medical Case Reports 2011, 5:72  doi:10.1186/1752-1947-5-72

Published: 22 February 2011

Abstract

Introduction

Bronchial stump aspergillosis is a rare entity characterized by cough and hemoptysis.

Case presentation

We report the case of a 58-year-old Caucasian woman who developed bronchial stump aspergillosis two years after a left upper lobe resection for lung cancer. Bronchial stump aspergillosis was diagnosed as a result of a focus of increased fluorodeoxyglucose activity in a follow-up positron emission tomography and computed tomography scan. She was treated with oral antifungal therapy and presented with good evolution after three months of treatment.

Conclusion

Bronchial stump aspergillosis is an unusual complication after pulmonary resection. Clinicians should be aware of it when a local recurrence of cancer around the bronchial stump is suspected based on a positive positron emission tomography and computed tomography finding.