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Open Access Highly Accessed Case report

Large infrapatellar ganglionic cyst of the knee fat pad: a case report and review of the literature

Ioannis Nikolopoulos1*, George Krinas2, Dimitris Kipriadis2, Apostolos Ilias2, Andreas Giannakopoulos2 and Stephanos Kalos2

Author Affiliations

1 General Hospital "Asclepeion Voulas", 1, Macedonias Street, Anixi, Attica, 14569, Greece

2 General Hospital "Asclepeion Voulas", 1, V. Pavlou, Voula, Attica, 16673, Greece

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Journal of Medical Case Reports 2011, 5:351  doi:10.1186/1752-1947-5-351

Published: 4 August 2011

Abstract

Introduction

Large ganglionic cystic formations arising from the infrapatellar fat pad are quite uncommon and only a few are mentioned in the literature. An open excision in these cases is mandatory.

Case presentation

We report the case of a large infrapatellar fat pad ganglion in a 37-year-old Greek man with chronic knee discomfort. The ganglionic cyst originated from the infrapatellar fat pad and had no intrasynovial extension. The final diagnosis was determined with magnetic resonance imaging of the knee, and the lesion was treated with surgery.

Conclusions

These lesions are asymptomatic in most cases but often are misdiagnosed as meniscal or ligamentous lesions of the knee joint. Nowadays, the therapeutic trend for such lesions is arthroscopic excision, but when there is a large ganglion, as in this case report, the treatment should be an open and thorough resection. This report is intended mostly but not exclusively for clinical physicians and radiologists.