Table 2

Differential diagnosis of hypertension and dystonia.

Neurological

Increased intracranial pressure (ICP)


Non-convulsive epileptic seizures


Central fever


Autonomic dysreflexia


Agitation


Dystonia


Lethal catatonia


Paroxysmal autonomic instability with dystonia (PAID)


Infectious


Meningitis


Sepsis


Drugs/toxins


Delirium


Serotonin syndrome


Narcotic withdrawal


Neuroleptic syndrome


Malignant hyperthermia


Scorpion envenomation


Gammahydroxybutyrate intoxication


Fenfluramine-phentirmine overdose


Other


Pheochromocytoma


Thyroid storm


Renal artery stenosis


Other diseases might share some features with paroxysmal autonomic instability with dystonia or other diseases with hypertension and dystonia.

Ramdhani et al. Journal of Medical Case Reports 2010 4:304   doi:10.1186/1752-1947-4-304

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