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Open Access Highly Accessed Case report

Surviving streptococcal toxic shock syndrome: a case report

Thayur R Madhusudhan1*, Srivatsa Sambamurthy2, Eileen Williams3 and Ian C Smith4

Author Affiliations

1 Registrar, Department of Orthopaedics, Glan Clwyd hospital, Rhyl, UK

2 Registrar, Department of Anaesthesia, Glan Clwyd hospital, Rhyl, UK

3 Consultant, Department of Anaesthesia, Glan Clwyd hospital, Rhyl, UK

4 Consultant, Department of Orthopaedics, Glan Clwyd hospital, Rhyl, UK

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Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007, 1:118  doi:10.1186/1752-1947-1-118

Published: 29 October 2007

Abstract

Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and associated myositis caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus pyogenes generally have a poor outcome despite aggressive operative treatment. Frequently the diagnosis is missed initially as the clinical features are non-specific. The progression to a toxic state is rapid and unless definitive treatment measures are initiated early, the end result can be catastrophic. We report a previously healthy patient who had features of toxic shock syndrome due to alpha haemolytic (viridans) streptococcus mitis which was treated successfully with antibiotics, aggressive intensive care support including the use of a 'sepsis care bundle', monitoring and continuous multidisciplinary review. Life and limb threatening emergencies due to streptococcus mitis in an immune-competent person are rare and to our knowledge, have not previously been described in the English scientific literature. Successful outcome is possible provided a high degree of suspicion is maintained and the patient is intensively monitored.